Sore pain in the abdomen, aching sensations and - this is how most people describe the first signs of cystitis and get it wrong.
This is because the disease is insidious and can progress in a latent form for more than 3 months, affecting the lining and the deeper layers of the bladder. And the above symptoms can already serve as the start of serious complications.
At this stage, the patient is needed. Medicines for the treatment of cystitis are available, injections, tablets and powders. The most effective remedy for cystitis is powder. Why is it worth choosing them, you will learn from our article.
Advantages of powders over tablets
To understand what is the main difference between powder and tablets, consider the mechanism of its effect on pathogenic microflora.
After taking the powder, it is absorbed instantly, and after a few hours, its maximum concentration accumulates in the urine, which allows you to fight bacteria. On the third day, the drug is excreted from the body.
They act on a different principle. They are absorbed into the lymphatic ducts for about 3 to 4 hours. Then the active substance is adsorbed in the digestive tract, spreads through the vessels and fights microorganisms.
Thus, a number of advantages of the powder over tablets can be distinguished:
- Does not cause problems with the gastrointestinal tract, carne does not penetrate the mucous membranes of the stomach.
- It penetrates quickly and acts instantly.
- Neutralizes pathogens of cystitis by settling directly on the walls of the bladder.
- Strengthens the healing effect thanks to the additional supply of water necessary for the dissolution of the powder.
- The possibility of fractional dosing and mixing with other components.
- Relatively low price.
There are many powdered medicines for cystitis. Most often these are antibiotics, less often - sulfenylamides or. The most popular of them are drugs from the group of sulfenylamides.
The powder with the active ingredient fosfomycin is a drug based on a broad spectrum antibiotic. The effectiveness of the drug lies in the neutralization of the enzyme pyruvyltransferase, without the participation of which no bacterial wall can be built. As a spray on the surface of cells, fosfomycin also prevents pathogenic microflora from attaching to it.
The drug does not bind to proteins in the blood plasma, therefore, it can be used according to indications by pregnant women and children from 5 years old.
To relieve the acute phase of cystitis, it is enough to take the powder once per three gram dose. After two hours, the agent will accumulate in the urinary system and begin to work. The effectiveness of the powder against fosfomycin cystitis is explained by the low number of bacteria that are resistant to it (1% of the total). The drug is excreted from the body on the 4th day and is used in the prevention of urogenital diseases.
Another preparation based on sulfacetamide is a water soluble powder. It belongs to the group of sulfonamides which, unlike antibiotics, do not destroy bacteria, but stop their growth. Due to its low cost, this drug has been widely used in the past. It is used as an adjuvant medicine for a week in sachets three times a day.
Other effective remedies
Powdered products are used not only internally, but also to rinse the bladder. In severe cases, several drugs may be prescribed at the same time: one is the main one and the second is an adjunct. Therefore, it is useful to know that there are inexpensive analogues with the same effect, but with a longer adsorption period.
The drug is based on the substance cefaclor. The maximum concentration is reached only after three uses, therefore, its effect on the body occurs only on the second day. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria, but has a weak effect on anaerobic microorganisms. The drug is taken every 8 hours at a dose of 4 g / day.
Powdered cephalosporin antibiotic. It is evenly distributed in all organs. Partially binds to blood plasma proteins, so it is not recommended for pregnant women and children. Has a destructive effect on most Gram positive bacteria. It is quickly excreted from the body. Dosage regimen 1, 5 g - 2 times a day.
The drug belongs to the group of semi-synthetic penicillins. It has a detrimental effect on bacteria at the stage of their active growth. With repeated use, resistance of microorganisms to the penicillin series is observed. Has many side effects, is contraindicated in kidney and liver disease.
Before use, it is necessary to culture the urine and find out the causative agent of the disease. If it is not E. coli, taking the medicine may worsen the course of the disease.
The scheme of taking the drug is 4 times a day, 1 tsp.
Principles of disease treatment
Treatment of cystitis should begin by identifying the causes of it. The most common causative agents are Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, mycoplasmas and ureaplasma. Acute cystitis is quickly relieved with the above drugs. already requires a different approach and obeys the following principles:
- Complex drug use.The aetiological treatment involves 7 days of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. After that, nitrofurans are prescribed over a period of up to six months.
- Local treatment. . . Pathogen therapy is aimed at eliminating hormonal and immune disturbances, correcting the hygiene of the genitals. Exercise therapy is performed. Also commonly used solutions of silver nitrate or heparin.
- Eliminate the source of inflammation and strengthen the immune system. . . In the presence of concomitant diseases, they are also treated, while prescribing immunomodulatory drugs;
- Prescription of antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for the relief of severe pain syndrome.
- Use of serious medications, medical procedures, and surgery. . . In chronic inflammation that is difficult to treat, physiotherapy and novocaine blockade are performed. If the bladder is narrowing, surgery may be needed.
How will cystitis powder help? Inflammatory processes in the area of the bladder, or cystitis, are not at all uncommon. According to medical statistics, almost half of the world's population suffers from it. The disease mainly pursues women, and this for the simple reason that, unlike the male genitourinary system, the female has a shorter and wider urethra.
How is cystitis treated?
Such a specific structure largely helps various harmful organisms to ascend into the bladder organ and create conditions conducive to the initiation of an inflammatory process. When a problem arises, the treatment of the disease becomes the main issue. In many ways, therapy is prescribed based on the factor that caused the inflammation.
The disease in medicine is precisely called primary acute cystitis. The primary manifestation is not accompanied by any other inflammatory disease of the genitourinary system. The disease has pronounced symptoms. The acute form of the disease is treated with effective antibacterial drugs. As a rule, these are:
- antibiotics for cystitis;
- vaginal suppositories;
- special powder for cystitis.
The medication should be taken as directed by the attending physician. If all recommendations are followed correctly, successful treatment can be completed in 7-10 days, and with a very positive effect, recovery can occur within 5 days of medical treatment.
The most important thing is that at the first signs of the disease you should immediately consult a doctor, do not delay the trip to the clinic while the disease takes complicated forms. The doctor will prescribe a therapeutic course, and when it is finished, he will certainly pass additional tests to make sure that there are no signs of the disease.
Synthetic antibacterial agents
There are several types of medicated powder that are needed for the symptoms of cystitis. The first is a drug from the group of synthetic antibiotics, the active ingredient of which is furazidin, a soluble powder.
The drug is used in the following cases:
- Sepsis, that is, infection of the blood with harmful particles from a purulent source of inflammation.
- Purulent infection.
- If you have pneumonia.
- Inflammation of the urethra.
- Anaerobic infection, that is, bacterial infection.
With cystitis, it has a very lasting effect. Once in the body, it can have a therapeutic effect for another two weeks.
The main positive quality of the drug is that when exposed to areas of inflammation, it destroys bacteria that have gram-negative and gram-positive properties well. The drug also infects microorganisms resistant to various antibiotics and sulfated substances.
The drug is taken 2-3 times a day after eating. One level is 0, 1 or 0. 2 g of soluble powder. For children, the daily dose of the drug can range from 0. 2-0. 7 g, calculated per 1 kg of the child's weight.
Nutrifuran group preparations
Drugs from the group of nutrifurans are powder preparations that the attending physician can recommend to the patient. They have many advantages, the most tangible of which is that it is cheap and at the same time very effective.
The price multiplied by the efficiency is a big incentive to buy it. It is an antimicrobial agent that is often labeled as an antibiotic. The drug destroys microbes that have entered the body and carry out destructive activities there. It is the very organisms that ultimately cause cystitis. This happens by destroying protein synthesis which is vital for a harmful cell.
Preparations of the nutrifuran group are used in the presence of the following inflammatory processes:
In addition, it is used for prophylactic treatment of the urethra before urinary tract surgery.
The scheme of the current therapy is selected in an individual form for each patient individually. Standard instructions for use dictate that you should use 1 to 2 tablets at a time. In total, this amounts to about 150 g per dose. It is necessary to use this remedy 3-4 times a day.
Treatment usually lasts a week and in some cases is delayed by two.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the cause of the development of cystitis in adults is the vital activity of bacteria on the mucous membrane of the bladder. For this reason, only a correctly selected antibiotic can cope with the disease, all other drugs will only weaken its symptoms. In some cases, the clinical picture is so vivid that there is no time to wait for the results of the collected analyzes. In this case, doctors prescribe cystitis powder to their patients. The remedy quickly shows its effectiveness, and its dosage form has several undeniable advantages.
Advantages and disadvantages of powdered drugs
Before you start using powders for cystitis, it is necessary to assess not only the strengths of the product, but also its disadvantages. This is best done by a urologist. Despite the obvious effectiveness of the product and its safety, it is only allowed to be taken with the permission of a doctor, in therapeutic doses and no longer than the prescribed time.
The table shows the advantages and disadvantages that characterize cystitis powders:
Before you start taking cystitis powders, you need to pass all necessary examinations, pass tests. In rare cases, cystitis is not the result of bacteria, but of viruses or fungi. In such a situation, the product may not help; the patient will need a different therapeutic profile.
The use of powders against the background of cystitis
The duration, doses and schedule of taking powdered antibiotics are determined by the attending physician. The characteristics of the patient's condition, the causes of the disease, the use of auxiliary drugs can change the indicators. For people with acute cystitis, a single intake of the product is usually sufficient. Chronic disease requires treatment for at least 2 days, after which the patient is prescribed other antibiotics to consolidate the effect obtained. In chronic cystitis, powdered preparations are not prescribed so often; many doctors find it inappropriate to use it in this case.
- For an adult, a single dose corresponds to 3 g of the composition, in some cases this indicator may decrease.
- The indications for reducing a single dose are the patient's advanced age, childhood, pregnancy and the patient's history of renal failure.
- It is used with caution in diabetes mellitus, it contains sucrose.
- To get rid of cystitis, it is recommended to take the powder in the evening. In this case, the bladder must be emptied. The stomach should be empty at this point. If the drug is mixed with food, its effectiveness will be minimal.
In some forms of cystitis, using a single antibiotic may not be enough. To achieve the desired effect, the patient is additionally prescribed antispasmodics, anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs are best used in the form of instillations, and not just by mouth, the relief will come much faster.
Indications and contraindications for the use of powder preparations
Reception is possible not only with cystitis in acute or chronic form, the antibiotic is effective in the presence of other diseases. This makes it easier to treat patients in whom the inflammatory process has spread outside the bladder. In particular, the product is excellent for acute and chronic inflammation of the urethra, whether it was caused by E. coli or staphylococcus. The drug is effective in preventing infectious lesions of the urinary system during surgical operations. Simultaneously with the treatment of cystitis, it eliminates infectious processes in the body that occur in a latent form.
Despite the relative safety, there are several contraindications to powder treatment:
- Children under 5 years old.
- Kidney failure of some degree of severity.
- Intolerance to the components in the composition of the drug.
Usually, patients tolerate the drug well, but sometimes negative consequences of treatment are still noted. These can be allergic reactions in the form of rashes, headaches, heartburn, nausea. Less often, more pronounced changes in the work of the digestive tract are noted: vomiting, diarrhea.
What if the powder doesn't work?
Powder is not the only effective cure for cystitis. Most often, doctors prescribe it to patients with a pronounced clinical picture even before receiving the test results. The increased sensitivity of the causative agents of bladder inflammation guarantees the first positive results soon after the start of treatment.
If this does not give the desired effect, you may consider another treatment option with other antibacterial drugs.
Some of the products listed are very expensive, but worth it. The main thing is not to forget about additional drugs, without which taking antibiotics will not give the desired result. Traditional medicine should not be abandoned either. In combination with traditional therapy, they allow you to quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms and reduce the risk of their return.
According to statistics, cystitis affects almost 50% of the world's population. Usually, female representatives suffer from it, because their urethra is wider and shorter. How does the powder for cystitis help?
The peculiarity of the female structure helps harmful organisms to enter the bladder, creating conditions of inflammation afterwards. Treatment is usually prescribed paying attention to the factor that triggered the inflammatory process.
The medical name for the disease is primary acute cystitis. Symptoms are expressed individually, without inflammation of the genitourinary system. Acute illnesses are mainly treated with:
- vaginal suppositories;
- powder products.
Medicines are prescribed after consultation with a specialist. If you strictly follow its instructions, you can get rid of the disease in 7-10 days. In the event of primary symptoms, it is important to seek immediate medical attention, as the disease can take a complicated form. The specialist gives recommendations, at the end of the treatment he has additional examinations to ensure that he recovers.
If treated on its own, symptoms can be removed, but the source of the inflammation is not eliminated. Usually, after some time, complications arise, severe manifestations of relapses.
Advantages of powders
Previously, there was only artisanal pharmaceutical production, in which pills, aqueous solutions, alcohol tinctures and powders were made. Pills did not exist at all at the time. The powders were sold in paper bags and a single dose. The pills are actually a powder as well, but it's in a gelatin capsule. They have also been used to get rid of cystitis.
Now the pharmaceutical industry allows you to create tablets, suppositories, injections. Technology is improving every day, but powdered products are still used successfully. What are their merits?
- Easy manufacturing process which allows you to manufacture the product at lower cost;
- The possibility of supplementing the composition with various ingredients;
- Bioavailability (absorption at a high level) - the process of distributing the powder to the intestinal surface is easy;
- The importance of dissolving the powder in the liquid improves the flushing effect on the urinary tract;
- Convenient transportation and safety (powders can not break). However, the shelf life is shorter because they are influenced by temperature and humidity.
The disadvantages are as follows:
- Some components have an unpleasant taste;
- Sometimes the mucous membrane is irritated;
- The powder is more suitable for household use - it is not always possible to dilute it with a liquid under working conditions.
Distribution in the body
The degree of absorption of cystitis powder with a single oral dose is moderate. Its bioavailability in the gastrointestinal tract varies from 32 to 55%. The maximum concentration of the powder in the blood is reached on average after 2. 5 hours, and the half-life can be up to 4 hours.
Once in the body, fosfomycin immediately enters the urine. It does not require binding to plasma proteins and is not subject to any metabolic transformation. Already 4 hours after ingestion, a high concentration of the drug is reached in the urine, which lasts for half a day. But the level of activity sufficient for the appearance of the bactericidal effect lasts for 2 days, which is enough for urine sanitation and is very convenient in the treatment of microbial diseases. Most of the drug is excreted from the body in active form through the kidneys, and only a small fraction through the intestines with the feces.
Side effects of cystitis powders and drugs
When treating with many drugs, as well as therapeutic effects, side effects are also noted. For the drug for cystitis, the instructions for use indicate side effects in the form of the following disorders:
- Neurological: headache, fatigue, dizziness, paresthesia (altered sensitivity), inflammation of the optic nerve.
- Cardiovascular: pressure reduction, tachycardia.
- Digestive system: dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), abdominal pain, colitis.
- Respiratory: bronchospasm.
- Allergic: pruritus, urticaria, anaphylaxis.
- Gynecological: vulvovaginitis.
- Hematologic: leukopenia, thrombocytosis.
- Metabolic: increased liver enzymes (aminotransferases).
These phenomena are observed with different frequencies. If they are pronounced or other symptoms occur, you should see a doctor. You may need to prescribe another medicine for cystitis. But fosfomycin is generally well tolerated. And cases of overdose are extremely rare (only if medical instructions are not followed).
Cystitis powder, like any antibiotic, is not without side effects. Adverse events can be observed from various systems, but if the reception pattern is followed, they are not critical.
Treatment with a drug for cystitis should be carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor. It should be remembered that the use of antibiotics, including those based on fosfomycin, can cause intestinal dysbiosis and, in severe cases, pseudomembranous colitis. Therefore, when the corresponding symptoms appear, their therapeutic correction should be carried out. It should be remembered that food intake slows down the absorption of the substance fosfomycin, and the sucrose in its composition can become a limiting factor for the use of the drug in a number of patients.
Nevertheless, the drug with the active substance fosfomycin is easy to use and, after a single dose, provides a pronounced therapeutic effect, eliminating urinary tract infections. And although the drug is well tolerated, its use should be agreed with the doctor and carried out under his supervision in order to avoid adverse effects on the body.